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[zhongguokexuebao]nongyekejiruhe“kanghongjiuliang”

【字体:

  7yue26ri,shuilibuzhangjiangshuiliweiyuanhuishuiwenjufabuxiaoxishuo,“zhangjiang2020niandi3haohongshui”zaizhangjiangshangyouxingcheng。suizheagzhenrenguojitingguonanfangxunqingyouyuyanyuliezhishi,nongyeshouzaizhuangkuangqiandongzheguorendexinxian。

  “zongtilaikan,cicinanfanghonglaozaihaiduiquannianliangshizongchanliangyingxiangyouxian,buguoduijubudiqudeyingxiangshikendingde,nongminshengchanzijiuyuguojiajiuzhuzhengjinkenengjiangdisunshi。”zhongguonongyekexueyuannongyehuanjingyukechixufazhanyanjiusuoyanjiuyuan、nongyenongcunbufangzaijianzaizhuanjiazhidaozuzuzhangyousongcaijinrizaijieshou《zhongguokexuebao》caifangshishuo。

  agzhenrenguojitingguohonglaozaihaipinfan,nongminjihumeiniandouyaobaoshouzaihaizhiku,ruheliyongnongyekejiweinongtianbaojiahuhang?younaxiejucuokejianqingnongmindebijingzhi“nan”?

  涝渍多发 影响有限

AG真人国际厅  yingjiguanlibu7yue19rixinxixianshi,7yueyilai,honglaozaihaizaochenglejiangxi、anhui、hubeideng24sheng(qu、shi)nongzuowushouzaimianjida2478qiangongqing。

AG真人国际厅  “agzhenrenguojitingguoshishijieshanglaozizaihaizuiyanzhongdeguojiazhiyi,laozizaihaitongchangchengxianchuxianlaohouzi、laozixiangsuidetedian。jinnian,bufennongtiantongshishoudaowaihongheneilaodeshuangzhongweixie。”zhongguoshuilishuidiankexueyanjiuyuanshuiliyanjiusuofuzonggongchengshiwangshaolifenxizhichu。

AG真人国际厅  nongyelaozizaihaiyujiangyudailaidejishuimiqiexiangguan,qizaochengdesunshichengdugengshounongtianbenshenjizhongzhizhiduyingxiang。

AG真人国际厅  zizaiqingfashengyilai,zhongguonongyekexueyuannongtianguangaiyanjiusuonongcunshuilifazhanyanjiushizhurenzhouxinguobianqianwangshouzaijiaoweiyanzhongdehubeidiquzuojishuzhidao。

  tagaosu《zhongguokexuebao》,hubeishengyanjiangbinhudiquyoujin700wanmuyilaoyizinongtian,dangaidiquyindizhiyidiaozhengzhongzhizhidu,fazhandaoyu(xia)、ouyu(xia)、chitangfuhezhongyangdengfuheyunongyeshengchan,zengjialeyushuidexujinengli。“jinguanjinnianmeiyuqijiangshuiliangbichangnianpianduo1.5bei,dannongtianshouzaizhuangkuangmeiyou1998nianhe1999nianyanzhong,zheiqizhongnonggengzhidudegaibianfahuilehendadezuoyong。”

  yousongcaiyebiaoshi,zongtishangkan,chixudejiangyujihonglaoduiagzhenrenguojitingguozhangjiangzhongxiayoujiqiyanjiangdiqudenongyeshengchanzaochenglebulideyingxiang,danbuyingxiangquannianliangshishengchangeju。

  zheishiyinweijinniangedijijituidongzaodaomianjihuifu,zaodaobozhongmianjizengjiale470duowanmu,jidajianruolehonglaozaihaideyingxiang,zaodaozongchanyouwangfengshou。erqie,nanfangzaodaobozhongmianjizhanbixiao,jinzhanshuidaobozhongzongmianjideyue15%。ciwai,fengpeideyushuiyouliyuzhangjiangzhongxiayoudiquzhiwaideqitadiqushuidaoshengchan。

  科技支撑 防灾减灾

AG真人国际厅  hongshuifengxiankeguancunzai,danagzhenrenguojitingguozainongyefanghongjiuzailinianhejishushangbuduangaijin,fazhanchulezhuduoyouxiaodefangkongshouduan。

  “zaizhuyaonongzuowulaozizaihaifangkongguanjianjishufangmian,xingcheng‘yuceyujing—fangyu—paichuyujianhuan—zaihouhuifu’defangkongcuoshi。”zhouxinguobiaoshi。

AG真人国际厅  jutieryan,tongguoyaoganjiance,kuaisuyujingzaihaifanweiheqiangdu;zaifangyufangmian,tongguogongchengshouduandeyouhuadiaodu,lirunanfangdiqutongguofenqufenduanjiangdihedaoshuiwei,yitishengnongtianxunanengli;nongtiancaiyong“xianggou+yaogou+weigou+nonggou”tianjianpaishuimoshi,jianghongshuijishipaichu;tongguopenshiyemianfei、zaihoushiliangshifei,tigaoyepianguanghenengliheturangfeili,yijibuzhongduanjijiezuowudengjinxingzaihouzuowuxiufu。

AG真人国际厅  wangshaolizhichu,nongtianpaishuigongchengshifangyulaozizaihaideyouxiaocuoshi。zhenduiagzhenrenguojitingguomuqiantianjianchulaojiangzinenglibuzu、zhixunenglidixiayuwaipaitiaojianfuzadezhiyue,jixuyanfalaozijianzaitianjianpaishuigongchengxiaolvtisheng、pai—xu—kongduoguochenglianhediaokong、zipaiyuqiangpaixiangjiehedepai—xu—diaozhinenghuayunxingyudiaodudengjishu。

  “jinnianlai,agzhenrenguojitingguohonglaofangyucongdanchundezhuzhonggongchengcuoshidaogongchengyufeigongchengcuoshixiangjiehe;congjuxianyutantaohonglaodailaidejingjisunshizhuanbianweiguanzhuhongshuiziyuanhualiyong、hongshuikongzhiyuguanli、fanghongyujingjishehuidengzhuduolingyudexiangguanyingxiang。”wangshaolishuo。

  yousongcaiyebiaoshi,zaibeizaijiuzaifangmian,guojiayoujishixingbutiejiuzhu;nongyebumenyouzhewanbeidenongqingsubaoxitong,kezuikuaizhixiaogedidezaiqing。ciwai,nongyebumenhaihuizuzhizhuanjiazudaozaiqujinxingquanfangweidejishuzhidao。

  junongyenongcunbu7yue23rixiaoxi,nongyenongcunbuyoupai8gegongzuozufuanhui、jiangsu、jiangxi、shandong、henan、hubeidengsheng(shi)zhidaonongminluoshizaihoushengchanhuifugexiangcuoshi,yikangzaiduofengshou。

  补足短板 未雨绸缪

AG真人国际厅  buguo,youyunongyekejiheliniandengrengcunbuzu,zaihaisunshiyiburongxiaoqu。zhouxinguozhichu,muqianxinxihuajishu、shuzinongyedengshouduanzainongyelaozifangzaijianzaideyingyonghaibupuji,xiangguanyanjiuyebijiaoquefa,weilaijidaijiaqiang。

AG真人国际厅  tahaitidao,dangqianguoneinongtianpaishuigongchengdebiaozhunshikediyu“5zhi10nianyiyu”dehongshui,danyinweizixinzhongguochengliyilaiweiyoushizhixingdebianhua,shidejinniangebiediquzaoyubainianyiyudehongshuishisunshicanzhong。kaolvdaojiangheyanxianzhixuhonggongnengquheguojialiangshishengchangongnengquhuafen,honglaoguohouyaoshenrukaizhandiaochayanjiu,youzhenduixingditichubutonggongnengqupaishuigongchenggaizaowanshandexinjucuo。

  wangshaolijiunongtianpailaogongchengagzhenrenguojitingzhichu,dangqianagzhenrenguojitingguonongtianpailaojichusheshiboruo、nongtianlaozijianceshouduanluohou、xinxihuoqudanyi、diaodushuipingzhihou。ciwai,youyuzhangqiyilaizhongguanqingpai,nongtianchulaozhizimeiyouyinqizugoudezhongshi,pailaogongchengqianzhangduo,goupotanta、yuji、goushangzhubadengqingkuangsuichukejian,daduopailaobengzhandaibingyunxing、xiaolvdixia。

AG真人国际厅  tajianyi,caiquzonghecuoshitigaozhilaoxiaoguo,baokuojianliwanshandenongtianpaishuixitong,tigaoguanpaigongchengdelianhediaodujiyunxingguanlishuiping;diaozhengnongyebujuheheliliyongshuituziyuan,biruzaidiwayilaoqu,xuanzhongnaiyanhuoxishuidenailaozuowu,yizengqiangnongtiankanglaonengli;jiaqiangshuidaoqujieshuiguangaideshishi,zuidaxiandufahuidaotiandiaoxuyushuidegongnengdeng。

AG真人国际厅  zaiyousongcaikanlai,weilaihaiyingzouzhengcexingnongyebaoxiandefazhandaolu。“shijishang,youyulaodonglichengbenhengao,congjingjixiaoyishanglaishuo,caiquzhuruduishouyanmeidaoyejinxingqingxi、buzhongdengbujiucuoshibingbuhuasuan,shishinongyebaoxian,nenggoubaozhengnongminzaizainianshibuqianshou。”

  baoxianchanpinzuoweishangyechanpin,qitongchanganzhaoshouzaigailv、honglaodengjidengdinglianghuadeshujushezhipeichangedu。“lianghuayanjiunengzhichengbaoxianchanpin,danshishoushujuzhiyue,muqiandinglianghuayanjiuhaibijiaoquefa,xuyaojiaqiang。”yousongcaishuo。

AG真人国际厅  shishishang,chulenongyelaozizaihai,zaiagzhenrenguojitingguo,hanzaishinongyemianlindegengdaweixie。yousongcaishuo,zhongguoshiyigequeshuixingdeguojia,ganhanshouzaifanweiweiqiangonglijideguimo,kuaduda、chixushijianzhang,zaochengdesunshizhannongyezongsunshide70%。“keyishuo,shuishizhongguonongyedemingmai,shijishang,yushuifengpeidenianfenqiashiliangshifengshounian。”

  lianrilai,zhongyangqixiangtaiduocifabugaowenhuangseyujing,yingduihanqingfengxianyekeburonghuan。

  hanlaojizhuan、xianlaohouhan,quyuxing、jieduanxingdehanlaozaihaibingcunshiagzhenrenguojitingguonongyezaiqingxianzhuang。“tongguopinghengdeguanlicelvelaibaozhangnongyeshengchanshibiyaode。”zhouxinguoshuo。

(单位: 中国农业科学院农业环境与可持续发展研究所、中国农业科学院农田灌溉研究所 )
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